Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary arteries bring oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is blockage of these arteries. If the blockage is complete, areas of the heart muscle may be damaged. In severe cases, heart muscle dies. This can lead to a heart attack. Coronary artery disease is the most common form of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death worldwide. Causes of CAD include:

    • Thickening of the walls of the arteries feeding the heart muscle
    • Accumulation of fatty plaques within the coronary arteries
    • Sudden spasm of a coronary artery
    • Narrowing of the coronary arteries
    • Inflammation within the coronary arteries
    • Development of a blood clot within the coronary arteries

Symptoms of coronary artery disease include:

Learn more about the causes and risk factors of coronary artery disease or to find out how to prevent it.

Diagnosis & Testing

Your physician at Lakeview Regional Medical Center will prescribe diagnostic tests right away to see if you have coronary artery disease. He may prescribe diagnostic tests such as:

Learn more about the diagnosis and testing for coronary disease.

Technology

Cardiac Catheterization Lab
Lakeview Regional Medical Center is prepared to diagnose and treat coronary artery disease before, during or after your heart has been affected by blockages in the arteries in one of our three cardiac catheterization laboratories, which are available 24 hours per day. Our cardiologists and staff are skilled at a variety of advanced technologies that can be used during cardiac catheterization. Our cardiologists will choose the treatment that is right for you. Because every person is different, we can deliver all of the promising technologies within the catheter lab including:

  • Intravascular Coronary Ultrasound – allows the cardiologist to examine the characteristics inside the heart artery walls in order to diagnose and treat blockages.
  • Stent Placement – improved technology of stent devices in recent years has made this procedure the treatment of choice for many patients with narrowed arteries that deliver blood supply to the heart muscle. A small metal coil is placed in a narrowed artery to hold it open, which helps improve blood flow to your heart. The newest generation of stents release medication over a period of time to slow the rate of renarrowing within the artery.
  • Coronary Atherectomy – Occasionally the artery will be narrowed due to hardened plaque buildup causing reduced blood flow to the heart. This procedure uses a high precision burr device to shave the plaque from the inner artery wall.
  • Balloon Angioplasty/PCI

Other technologies available to diagnose coronary artery disease include:

Procedures & Treatment

If your heart team determines that you have coronary artery disease, your physician may prescribe different options for your treatment, such as:

Learn more about the procedures for and treatment of coronary artery disease.

Recovery & Rehabilitation

Inpatient
While in the hospital, heart patients may be cared for in our intensive care or telemetry units. Lakeview Regional Medical Center provides a close nurse-to-patient ratio in a private, quiet setting where you will be constantly monitored wirelessly in the privacy of your room or while walking in the hall. Our patients and their families love the personalized care they receive from our nursing staff. The waiting area offers privacy, comfort and support for our patients’ families while staying in the ICU.

Outpatient
The accredited cardiac rehabilitation program at Lakeview Regional  Medical Center is a medically supervised exercise program designed to improve cardiovascular health for people who have or are at high risk for heart disease. Patients enrolled in this program are given tailored support and guidance in achieving cardiovascular fitness through exercise and nutrition. In addition to setting individual exercise plans, the cardiac rehabilitation program staff provides counseling and continuing education to help patients control or eliminate cardiac risk factors and make a lifetime commitment to a heart-healthy lifestyle outside of the hospital.